考研英语语法

自己纯手工整理的考研语法结构图,内容来自田静老师的句句真研

考研英语语法1.简单句2.长难句3.长难句分析1.1.简单句的核心1.2.简单句的拓展词性的拓展成分的拓展2.1.并列句并列句的构成并列句的省略2.2.复合句名词性从句宾语从句表语从句主语从句同位语从句定语从句状语从句2.3.特殊句式倒装强调虚拟3.1.基本结构的长难句分析断开长难句标点连接词分析主谓简化长难句3.2.特殊结构的长难句分析分裂结构嵌套结构平行结构简单句的核心构成简单句的核心变化主谓主谓宾主谓双宾主谓宾补主系表谓语动词有实义不及物动词 vi(主语能独立完成)主谓及物动词 vt(主语不能独立完成)主谓宾主谓双宾主谓宾补无实义(连)系动词主系表谓语动词的核心变化主语、宾语、表语的核心变化谓语动词的时态变化谓语动词的情态变化谓语动词的语态变化谓语动词的否定变化谓语动词的强调变化名词、代词作主宾表非谓语动词doing作主宾非谓语动词to do作主宾表并列多个主宾表This is a dangerous game.Their behavior became markedly different.And most folks still feel pretty comfortable about their ability...You always keep your eyes open.They gave justices permanent positions.Everybody loves a fat pay rise.Smaller species survived.限定词形容词、副词介词短语形容词、副词作修饰成分形容词、副词的三种比较级别表示时间的介词表示地点的介词其他用法的介词非谓语动词作定语、状语同位语插入语非谓语动词作定语非谓语动词作状语同位语插入语用于限定名词,包括冠词(a,an,the)、数词、名词所有格非谓语动词表示顺接的并列连词表示转折的并列连词表示选择的并列连词表示因果的并列连词并列句独有特点,相同的部分可以省略,余下的部分保持不变The program keeps track of your progress and provides detailed feedback on your performance and improvement.定语从句的含义定语从句的写法定语从句的分类定语从句的补充限定性定语从句与同位语从句的区别特殊的非限定定语从句(修饰整句话)状语从句的含义状语从句的写法状语从句的位置状语从句的分类名词性从句指该从句在整个句子中充当着名词的角色一个句子作定语,修饰限定名词,位置在所修饰名词后。定语从句所修饰的名词称为先行词,引出定语从句的词称为引导词(关系词)主句 + 先行词 + 关系词 + 陈述句一个句子作状语,表达描述性信息主句 + 从属连词 + 完整的陈述句从属连词不作成分,只表示逻辑关系As the economy picks up,opportunities will abound for aspiring leaderes.Opportunities will abound for aspiring leaders,as the economy picks up.Opportunities,as the economy picks up,will abound for aspiring leaders.时间状语从句地点状语从句原因状语从句结果状语从句目的状语从句条件状语从句让步状语从句比较状语从句方式状语从句as作为几种状语从句的比较全部倒装部分倒装强调句的构成强调句的变化虚拟的概述if虚拟条件句名词性从句的虚拟主谓倒装,主语和谓语动词顺序颠倒It is + 强调的部分 + that + 句子余下的部分不能强调形容词和动词It is/was + 强调的部分 + that/who + 句子余下的部分强调句和主语从句的区别1、还原,去掉"it is ... that ...",余下的部分可以还原成一个完整的句子为强调,反之为主语从句。2、"it is ... that ..."中间为形容词或动词,则为主语从句。什么是虚拟如何使用虚拟虚拟用在哪里主句中出现表示”建议、命令、要求”的词,从句要虚拟谓语动词用"(should) + 动词原形"逗号冒号分号主谓主谓,则后面的为从句主主谓谓,则中间的为从句开始:并列连词:and、but、or (用来连接并列句)从属连词:because、if、while、although、as (用来引导状语从句)关系词:that、how、wh-(what、who、whom、which、whose、when、where、why)结束:标点下一个连接词第二个谓语动词前① 定位谓语动词② 去修饰找核心核心:主语、谓语、宾语、表语、补语非核心:形容词、副词、介词短语、非谓语动词、同位语、插入语The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next music director has been the talk of the classical-music world ever since the sudden announcement of his appointment in 2009.During the late 1990s,national spending on social sciences and the humanities as a percentage of all research and development funds -- including government,higher education,non-profit and corporate -- varied from around 4% to 25%;...插入式的分裂结构同位语、插入语状语从句从句后移式的分裂结构名词(词组)的平行并列动词的平行结构:谓语动词、非谓语动词介词短语的平行并列句子的平行并列Contrary to the descriptions on record,no systematic evidence was found that levels of productivity were related to changes in lighting.But as the Nuclear Regulatory Commission(NRC) reviews the company's application,it should keep in mind what promises from Entergy are worth.It hoped they would learn how shop-floor lighting affected workers' productivity.The rough guide to marketing success used to be that you got what you paid for.The English,the Germans,the Dutch and the French were investing in Britain's former colony.All theories,however,are tentative and are subject to criticism.The process sweeps from hyperactive America to Europe and reaches the emerging countries with unsurpassed might....he advocated freedom of thought and of personal expression.So disciplines acquire a monopoly not just over the production of knowledge,but also over the production of producers of knowledge.According to accounts of the experiments,their hourly output rose when lighting was increased,but also when it was dimmed.The behavioral sciences have been slow to change partly because the explanatory items often seem to be directly observed and partly because other kinds of explanations have been hard to find.
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