叹词 - int. (interjection)
My God, ouch, well, hey, er etc.
It often stands alone, unconnected to a sentence.
A short word or phrase that shows emotion.
可数名词 - num. (numeral)
Fractions and demicals
1/6 is read as "one sisth"
Once, twice, thrice
Express how many times some event happens
Zero, one, two, three
Refer to the size of a group.
名词 - n. (nouns)
Acts as a single unit and can be modified by adjectives and other nouns.
Can be treated as singular or plural.
It denots a group of individuals.
Countable / Uncountable nouns
Uncountable nouns are always singular.
Yot cannot count uncountable nouns.
Count nouns have singular and plural forms.
You can count countable nouns
uncountable nouns are substances, concepts etc that we cannot divide into separate elements. We cannot "count" them.
Have both sigular and plural forms
Nouns that can be counted
Proper / Common nouns
Refer to people, places in general
Refer to names of specific people, places or organizayions.
Common nouns can be countable or uncountable, singular or plural
Common nouns are words for people, places or things that are not specific ( opposed to peoper nouns)
Proper nouns are the names of specific people or places. They should always begin with a capital letter.
动词 - v. (verb)
I am eating
A verb used with main verbs to show tense, etc. and to form questions and negatives.
Forms like wanted, broken, started, begun etc.
Often refered to as the "-ing" form of a verb, such as singing, swimming
I feel unwell.
Mary is a nurse.
Link the subject to a noun or adjective.
Link two parts of a sentence.
Have NO object.
Take NO subject.
The bomb exploded in the city center.
Take an object.
Jenna brings Mrs. Smith lunch every day.
连词 - conj. (conuunction)
After, although, because, if, until etc.
Sam went swimming although it was raining.
Used to join a subordinate (dependent) clause to a main (independent) clause.
And, but, or, nor, for, yet, so
I like tea and coffee.
Used to join two parts that are grammatically equal or similar.
介词 - prep. (preposition)
Because of, with regard to, on behalf, for the sake of etc.
Concerning, notwithstanding, considering etc.
Out of, outside of, from beneath etc.
Without, within, inside, outside, into, behind
In, on, at, aboue, over, under,of etc.
冠词 - art. (article)
Please hold me an autobiobiography.
It precedes a word that begins with a vowel.
Please hand me a book.
It precedes a word that begins with consonant.
Are you going to the party this weekend?
To limit the meaning of a noun to one particular thing.
Uded to define a noun as specific or unspecific.
副词 - adv. (adverb)
She entirely agrees with him.
He came yesterday.
Please sit here.
He speaks slowly.
Used to modify a phrase, clause or sentence.
Used to modify a verb, an adjective or another adverb;
形容词 - adj. (adjective)
Justin Bieber in the most popular singer in Canada.
Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
Used to describe the extreme quality of one thing in a group of things.
I want to have a more powerful computer.
Chris is taller than John.
Used to describle the difference between two things
A dark sky
An interesting story
A green car
Used to describle a person or thing.
代词 - pron. (pronoun)
All, another, any, anybody/anyone,anything,each, everybody/everyone, everything, few, many, nobody, none, one, several, some, somemody, someone,etc.
They lost everything in the earthquake.
Can anyone answer this question?
It is vague and " not definite".
An indifinite pronun does not refer to any specific person, thing, or amount.
Who, Whom, Whose, Which, That
The person whose phone just rang should stand up.
The person that phoned me last night is my teacher.
Related to the word that its relative clause modifies.
Used to introduce a relatice clause.
Who, Whom, What, Which, Whose
What do you want?
Who told you?
Whom did you tell?
Represents the thing that we don`t know.
Used to ask queations.
Each other, One another
The gangsters were fighting one another.
John and mary love each other
Used when each of two or more subjects is acting the same way towards the other.
Himself / Herself / Itself
End in "-self" (singular) or "selves" (plural).
Used to refer back to the sentence or clause
far in distance or time
near in diatance or time
To show, indicate or point to a thing or things.
Nominal possessive pronoun
His / Hers / Its
Adjectival possessive pronoun
His / Her / Its
Show ownership replace noun phrases
Him / Her / It
He / She / It
Represent people, places or things